Maharashtra’s drought-prone areas reap maximum benefits under the centre’s micro-irrigation scheme

Joseph B. Hash

Haunted with deficient rainfall and recurrent droughts followed by farmer suicide waves, 19 districts in the Marathwada and Vidarbha location of Maharashtra are on the manner to boost on-farm water use effectiveness for maximizing crop efficiency.

Maharashtra has covered six.fifty five lakh hectares under central government’s bold micro irrigation plan – Per Fall Much more Crop element of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana(PMKSY-PDMC) given that 2015-16.

Curiously, out of six.fifty five lakh hectares, about 60 for each cent of the region that is above three.90 lakh hectares, is from 19 districts in the drought-susceptible locations.

Buldhana district has introduced 74,963 hectares under the micro-irrigation as part of the plan, followed by Jalna (forty,885 ha) and Aurangabad ( 34,557 ha). Of the top rated ten districts that have introduced greatest land under micro-irrigation via PMKSY-PDMC, six districts are from Marathwada and Vidarbha locations.

The central federal government has assisted ₹985 crore to the Point out in the previous 3 years ( 2018-19 to 2020-21) to execute the plan.

The study conducted by NITI Aayog to examine the PMKSY-PDMC plan in 2020 stated that the plan is pertinent in attaining nationwide priorities this kind of as substantially strengthening on-farm water use effectiveness, maximizing crop efficiency, creating employment prospects and so on. Micro-irrigation adoption has assisted to preserve water and made immediate and oblique employment prospects.

The response by drought-susceptible districts to micro-irrigation strategies comes versus the backdrop of huge dams failing to solve the State’s water disaster. Almost forty for each cent of India’s massive dams are in Maharashtra but has just 19 for each cent of the net irrigated region.

Activist Vikas Kamble with above two many years of expertise performing with modest and marginal farmers in Marathwada, stated water shortage stays a main dilemma. “Micro-irrigation will assist to reduce farmer distress and also reduce the quantity of suicides,” he stated.

The central government’s study titled “Farmers Suicide in India: Results in and Policy Prescription” in 2016-17 advised a will need to carry individual farmers under the ambit of crop insurance plan and insisted that judicious use of available water is needed.

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