Iranian Hard-Liner Ebrahim Raisi Wins Presidency Amid Nuclear Talks

Joseph B. Hash

TEHRAN—A hard-line Iranian judge opposed to the country’s outreach to the West gained Iran’s presidential election, consolidating conservative control over the country’s politics, as Tehran attempts to revive an intercontinental nuclear accord that would no cost the country of some U.S. sanctions. Ebrahim Raisi acquired 17.9 million votes, or about […]

TEHRAN—A hard-line Iranian judge opposed to the country’s outreach to the West gained Iran’s presidential election, consolidating conservative control over the country’s politics, as Tehran attempts to revive an intercontinental nuclear accord that would no cost the country of some U.S. sanctions.

Ebrahim Raisi

acquired 17.9 million votes, or about sixty two{ae9868201ea352e02dded42c9f03788806ac4deebecf3e725332939dc9b357ad} of the ballots solid, in accordance to Iran’s inside ministry.

Mr. Raisi’s main challenger,

Abdolnaser Hemmati,

the only average prospect remaining in the race, acquired about 8.5{ae9868201ea352e02dded42c9f03788806ac4deebecf3e725332939dc9b357ad} of the vote.

Iran’s existing president,

Hassan Rouhani,

visited Mr. Raisi on Saturday to congratulate him on the victory.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, at lectern, and President-elect Ebrahim Raisi spoke to the media on Saturday.



Picture:

formal presidential site/Reuters

Mr. Raisi has criticized his predecessor’s outreach to Western countries—and the U.S. has targeted Iran’s new president with sanctions in 2019 for his close ties to the Islamic Republic’s Supreme Leader

Ali Khamenei.

But in the months in advance, Mr. Raisi is envisioned to forge a route ahead on the intercontinental nuclear offer that he says he supports and that Iranian and American diplomats are making an attempt to revive. A new nuclear offer with the U.S. is crucial to reduction from crushing American sanctions, and a prospective route back again to prosperity for Iran underneath his administration.

Mr. Raisi’s victory was mostly the consequence of a historically low turnout of forty eight.8{ae9868201ea352e02dded42c9f03788806ac4deebecf3e725332939dc9b357ad}—a indication of the divisions in Iranian society and a reflection of popular discontent with the deficiency of authentic alternative in the vote.

Millions of Iranians stayed property, partly to protest moves by the clerical establishment to suggestion the election in Mr. Raisi’s favor just before any ballots were solid. In the months just before the vote, the country’s election supervisory overall body had disqualified nearly all nonconservative candidates.

Invalid ballots represented about fourteen{ae9868201ea352e02dded42c9f03788806ac4deebecf3e725332939dc9b357ad} of the whole tally, the second-biggest share of the vote.

The outcomes also mirror apathy among Iranian voters towards the reformist and average candidates. About 2.4 million Iranians, or about 4{ae9868201ea352e02dded42c9f03788806ac4deebecf3e725332939dc9b357ad} of eligible voters, solid ballots for Mr. Hemmati.

By comparison, the politically average Mr. Rouhani gained eighteen million votes in 2013 and 23.5 million in 2017. In the 2009 election, much more liberal reformist candidates acquired thirteen.5 million votes.

“Many Iranians have missing any hope in reform,” explained Roham Alvandi, affiliate professor of intercontinental heritage at the London University of Economics. “Reformists who called on folks to vote were mostly overlooked.”

With Mr. Raisi’s earn, Iran’s main institutions are now managed by the country’s conservatives, from the presidency and the army to the parliament and judiciary. This sort of outcomes exhibit Iran shifting towards a one particular-bash point out, analysts explained.

“This election helps make explicit what most Iranians have presently acknowledged implicitly: that the Islamic Republic will not countenance any peaceful reform,” Mr. Alvandi explained. “That erodes what very little well-known legitimacy the existing political procedure has remaining.”

Mr. Raisi is because of to be sworn in as president in early August.

Complicated difficulties await. Iran is facing escalating threats and frequent confrontations with Center East rivals.

Men and women lined up to vote in Tehran on Friday.

Iran’s economic problems have also presented increase to frequent bouts of unrest. As head of the country’s judiciary, Mr. Raisi has tolerated very little dissent, presiding over mass arrests of journalists, legal professionals and American citizens, alongside with dying sentences to numerous minors.

The sixty-yr-old Mr. Raisi, who is also a cleric, has been section of Iran’s judicial procedure since the starting of the Islamic Republic. He is acknowledged abroad for serving on a committee that in 1988 condemned 1000’s of political prisoners to dying.

Mr. Raisi researched in the early nineteen nineties underneath Mr. Khamenei and has under no circumstances appeared to stray significantly from his positions. In return, Mr. Khamenei has rewarded his protégé with a sequence of promotions.

After heading Iran’s Basic Inspection Office, an anticorruption overall body, for a 10 years, Mr. Raisi in 2004 became deputy of the country’s judiciary. Mr. Khamenei appointed him prosecutor-normal in 2014, and picked him to head the Astan Quds Razavi, a charity truly worth billions of bucks central to the supreme leader’s small business passions.

After Mr. Raisi missing the 2017 presidential election to the incumbent president, Mr. Rouhani, the supreme chief appointed him head of the judiciary in 2019.

Mr. Raisi’s most up-to-date advance as president has led analysts to believe Mr. Khamenei is grooming him as his doable successor as supreme chief. “It is not as if he is a heavyweight in any way,”

Mehrzad Boroujerdi,

director of the University of General public and Intercontinental Affairs at Virginia Tech, explained of Mr. Raisi. “Khamenei had no justification for giving him all these positions, if not to groom him for a high-ranking place, which I feel could be to triumph him.”

Mr. Khamenei, 82, was also president just before he was picked as supreme chief in 1989. His appointment came right after the dying of Ayatollah

Ruhollah Khomeini.

Even as a cleric in charge of Iran’s judiciary, Mr. Raisi has sought to solid himself as a gentleman of the folks. When he ran for president in 2017, he posed for pictures with a well-known, greatly tattooed rapper, Amir Tataloo, in an endeavor to appeal to youthful voters.

In the course of the ultimate times of his election marketing campaign this yr, Mr. Raisi went to a conference of athletes in Tehran and sat among the crowd to enjoy elements of the soccer World Cup 2022 qualifier concerning Iran and Iraq. He took notes when the athletes complained to him about their economic woes, this kind of as weak salaries and positive aspects.

Previously in the week, folks flocked to his marketing campaign offices with letters inquiring him for enable with their economic challenges, similarly to what supporters of former populist President

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

did.

How Mr. Raisi will strategy Western nations, notably the U.S., depends mostly on whom he appoints to his cupboard. He has in the past criticized departing President Hassan Rouhani for pursuing diplomacy, which led to the 2015 intercontinental nuclear offer. Though Mr. Raisi has explained he supports the nuclear offer, simply because Mr. Khamenei has endorsed it, he has also explained he doesn’t belief the U.S.

Much more instantly, Mr. Raisi must tackle a flagging financial state even though retaining a check on the Covid-19 pandemic.

Expansion in Iran has stuttered in latest several years, constrained by U.S. sanctions, even though unemployment is high and the neighborhood forex has plummeted in worth. The economic crisis has pushed much more family members into poverty. It has pushed Iranians to protest in the streets, where they have been satisfied with brutal power by stability forces.

Supporters of Ebrahim Raisi gathered in Tehran on Wednesday.

Compose to Sune Engel Rasmussen at [email protected]

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