Guava, apple, tomato suffer maximum post-harvest losses

Joseph B. Hash

Fruits and veggies developed in the region undergo greatest write-up-harvest losses throughout farm functions and storage channels, says a analyze performed by the Central Institute of Write-up Harvest Engineering and Technology (CIPHET).

The in general decline for significant fruits ranged from six.seven for every cent to 15.88 for every cent. The in general decline was as large as 15.88 for every cent in guava, ten.39 for every cent in apple, 9.seventy three for every cent in sapota, 9.69 for every cent in citrus, and 9.sixteen for every cent in mango.

For veggies, the losses ranged from four.58 for every cent to 12.forty four for every cent. The decline stood at 12.forty four for every cent in tomato, 9.56 for every cent in cauliflower, 9.37 for every cent in cabbage, eight.20 for every cent in onion, and seven.32 for every cent in potato.

Replying to a query in the Lok Sabha on wastage of agriculture products and solutions, Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti, Union Minister of Point out for Rural Improvement, and Buyer Affairs, Foodstuff and General public Distribution, mentioned the analyze — ‘Assessment of Quantitative Harvest and Write-up-Harvest Losses of Significant Crops /Commodities in India’ – integrated the evaluation of harvest and write-up-harvest losses of forty five crops and livestock. The produces integrated cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fruits, veggies, plantation crops, spices, fish, eggs, poultry meat and milk.

The losses have been assessed in farm functions such as harvesting, collection, sorting, grading, drying, packaging and transportation and in storage channels such as farm, godown/ chilly storage, wholesaler, retailer and processing units.

As for every the analyze report, the harvest and write-up-harvest tosses of cereals ranged from four.sixty five for every cent to five.99 for every cent, and for pulses the losses ranged from six.36 for every cent to eight.forty one for every cent. The decline was at five.fifty three for every cent in paddy, four.ninety three for every cent in wheat, and four.sixty five for every cent in maize.

Sponsored by the Union Ministry of Foodstuff Processing Industries, CIPHET performed this analyze in 2013-fourteen. No further analyze has been performed to evaluate quantitative harvest and write-up-harvest losses of crops/commodities to look at the reduction of losses, the Minister mentioned in the reply.

Silos

To a separate query on silos and warehouses, she mentioned silos with a full capacity of 29.75 lakh tonnes (lt) have been awarded at many destinations throughout the region. Of this, a capacity of ten.625 lt is complete, and the remaining is beneath many phases of progress. Further more, a large-degree committee conference on July sixteen has encouraged creating a capacity of 108.375 lt beneath the hub and spoke manner in 249 destinations throughout the region.

She mentioned warehouses owned/employed by the Foodstuff Corporation of India (FCI) are utilised to shop wheat, rice and paddy and are not products-precise.

To one more query on surplus inventory of wheat and rice, she mentioned the surplus stocks from states are moved to deficit states to fulfill needs beneath Countrywide Foodstuff Stability Act, 2013 by FCI. The movement approach planning requirements are the quantity offered in surplus locations and quantity expected by deficit locations probably procurement of these commodities vacant storage capacity both in consuming and procuring parts and month-to-month allotment / off-take of foodgrains.

Irrigated land

To a question in Lok Sabha on the irrigated agricultural land in the region, Narendra Singh Tomar, Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, mentioned the share of net irrigated area to net area sown was at forty nine.9 for every cent for 2017-eighteen. Quoting the statistics, the reply pointed out that the net irrigated area in the region stood at 69.four million hectares in 2017-eighteen. This integrated canals, tanks, tube-wells, other wells, and other sources.

Sugar factories

To a query on the cooperative sugar factories, Piyush Goyal, Union Minister for Commerce and Market, Buyer Affairs, Foodstuff and General public Distribution, replied in the Lok Sabha that the Authorities is encouraging sugar mills to divert extra sugarcane to ethanol which is blended with petrol as a extended-phrase alternative to offer with the problem of extra sugar. This serves as a green gas and will save foreign exchange on account of crude oil import.

He mentioned the profits created from the sale of ethanol by mills will help sugar mills apparent cane price dues of farmers. All around ₹22,000 crore profits was created by sugar mills/distilleries from the sale of ethanol to oil marketing and advertising organizations (OMCs) in the previous 3 sugar seasons of 2017-eighteen, 2018-19 and 2019-20. Stating that this has assisted in clearing cane price arrears of farmers, the Minister mentioned close to ₹15,000 crore profits is probably to be created by sugar mills from sale of ethanol to OMCs in the present-day ethanol provide 12 months (December-November).

The Minister mentioned that many actions initiated by the Authorities assisted in bringing down the cane arrears for sugar seasons 2017-eighteen, 2018-19 and 2019-20 to ₹193 crore, ₹403 crore and ₹142 crore, respectively, from peak arrears of about ₹23,000 crore to ₹28,000 crore.

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